The beginning of the Japanese Red Cross Society was the Philanthropic Society (博愛社, Hakuaisha),
a relief organization for the injured of the Satsuma Rebellion of 1877.
It operates 91 Red Cross hospitals and 54 Red Cross Blood Centers in Japan.
When the Polish Emergency Committee for Children of the Far East asked Japanese government to support their rescue mission, the government asked the Japanese Red Cross Society for help.
They immediately set up systems for accepting children, helped children’s landing, provided clothing and meals to the children, and nurses continued to provide dedicated nursing.
Thanks to these supports, the children regained energy and were able to return to their home country.